Tuesday, March 26, 2013

Passion and Action in Holy Week

-- By Tom Phillips

Why do we call it the "Passion" of Jesus Christ?  The answer surprised me.

I always thought "passion" referred to the strong emotions Jesus felt during the last days of his life. But according to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word originates in Christian theology, and its first meaning is simply “the suffering of pain.”  Its second definition is “the fact of being acted upon, the being passive.”   

Andrea Mantegna, "Ecce Homo" c.1500
In “The Road to Daybreak,” the late Catholic teacher Henri Nouwen wrote that the moment of Jesus’ arrest in Gethsemane is “a turning point from action to passion. After years of teaching, preaching, healing, and moving to wherever he wanted to go, Jesus is handed over to his enemies. Things are no longer done by him, but to him. He is flagellated, crowned with thorns, spat at, laughed at, stripped, and nailed naked to a cross… From the moment Jesus is handed over, his passion begins, and through this passion he fulfills his vocation.”    

Nouwen says that though we tend to think of our lives as what we do, what is done to us is really a much greater determinant. In the case of poor, imprisoned, enslaved or disabled people, what is done to them is nearly all of life. Their only freedom is how they respond.    

If Jesus had not suffered and died on the cross, he might have been remembered as a charismatic rabbi who taught his disciples a radical form of Judaism.  The action of his life was not all that different from other itinerant religious teachers.  It was in the passion, the “drinking of the cup” that he fulfilled his vocation.   

After the resurrection, Jesus spoke to his disciple Peter about the kind of death he too would die:  “When you were young you put on your own belt and walked where you liked; but when you grow old you will stretch out your hands, and somebody else will put a belt around you and take you where you do not wish to go.” (John 21:18)  

Thinking about our own lives in terms of passion rather than action puts them in a new light.  The test of character is not so much what we've been able to accomplish, but how we respond to what happens to us.  I've tended to see what happens to me as an annoying interruption, an invasion of my privacy, rather than a God-given or existential circumstance.  Holy Week is a chance to honor ourselves less, and life more. 


-- Copyright 2013 by Tom Phillips
"Ecce Homo" by Andrea Mantegna, c,1500

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